By David K. Bernard
Booklet by means of Bernard, David ok.
Read Online or Download A History of Christian Doctrine: Volume 1, The Post Apostolic Age to the Middle Ages A.D. 100 - 1500 PDF
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Extra resources for A History of Christian Doctrine: Volume 1, The Post Apostolic Age to the Middle Ages A.D. 100 - 1500
2 53 A History of Christian Doctrine In the beginning, said the Apologists, God existed alone, but in order to create the world He first caused His Word to come out of Him. Originally, His Word was inherent in Him in an impersonal form, but He brought forth His Word as a second person. This event they identified as the begetting of the Logos or Son. Once again the Apologists deviated from the scriptural use of terminology. In the New Testament the term “begotten Son” refers to the uniqueness of Jesus Christ, and Hebrews 1:5-6 specifically relates this concept to the Incarnation.
The leading Apologists adopted Philo’s approach in their own attempt to reconcile Greek thought with Christianity, with a significant new development: they clearly did make the Logos a second person. Such a notion was abhorrent to the Jewish mind, steeped in the absolute, uncompromising monotheism of the Old Testament (Deuteronomy 6:4-9; Isaiah 44:6-8; 45:21-22). However, it seemed plausible to Gentiles of the day, including the Apologists, whose background was polytheism (I Corinthians 8:5). The Apologists explained that Jesus Christ is not the supreme God, not the Father, but a second person, the Logos, who is the same as the Logos of Greek philosophy.
6 By contrast, trinitarians of the third and fourth centuries identified wisdom as the second person. It is not clear whether Theophilus referred to three persons, but it does not seem likely in context. 7 Some people say this was the first Christian use of the word trinity (about 180), but most historians reserve that dubious distinction for Tertullian in the early third century, because he clearly did intend three distinct persons. In this connection, Melito, bishop of Sardis, is quite intriguing.
A History of Christian Doctrine: Volume 1, The Post Apostolic Age to the Middle Ages A.D. 100 - 1500 by David K. Bernard