By Dimitry Pospielovsky
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Extra resources for A History of Marxist-Leninist Atheism and Soviet Antireligious Policies: Volume 1 of A History of Soviet Atheism in Theory and Practice, and the Believer
Marxism-Leninism suggests what it believes to be the true alternative to the religious oudook. This includes at least these three major facets of the world-view: ( 1) A certain vision of the relationship between man and nature. (2) A concrete understanding of the relationship between man and society or groups of men and society. (3) A certain understanding of the meaning of life, of human nature and its destination. Dialectical and historical materialism serves as the theoretical core of the Marxist-Leninist world-view.
The Shuia conflict took place in March-April 1922,just at the time of the publication of Lenin's article above. A detachment of soldiers with machine guns was brought to suppress the faithful. In the skirmish four civilians were killed and ten wounded. The subsequent trial resulted in the execution of eight priests, two laymen and one lay woman, and the imprisonment of twenty-five believers. 20 As the document shows, the real aim was to find an excuse to unleash wholesale terror against the Church and to misrepresent the Church's stand to the population in such a manner as to antagonize at least a sizeable part of it against the Church.
26 Concerned with the growth of'religious sentiments' among scholars (especially natural scientists), teachers and the intelligentsia in general, 27 the Soviet government not only launched the above periodicals in 1922, but also began to interfere directly in the life of the Church. The Renovationist putsch in May 1922 was synchronized with the GPU's arrest of the Patriarch and immediately followed by the Renovationists' seizure of the Patriarchal chancery under false pretences. 28 As Lenin's letter above documents, clergy and laity loyal to the Patriarch were subjected to terror under the pretext of their resistance to the confiscation of sacramental vessels, often made of precious metals and adorned by precious stones, although of dubious commercial value.
A History of Marxist-Leninist Atheism and Soviet Antireligious Policies: Volume 1 of A History of Soviet Atheism in Theory and Practice, and the Believer by Dimitry Pospielovsky