By Robert B. Gordon
This ebook examines the economic ecology of two hundred years of ironmaking with renewal strength assets in northwestern Connecticut. It makes a speciality of the cultural context of people's judgements approximately expertise and the surroundings, and the slow transition they effected of their land from commercial panorama to pastoral countryside.
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Additional info for A Landscape Transformed: The Ironmaking District of Salisbury, Connecticut
The turnpike companies either improved existing roads or, in some cases, built entirely new ones. Travelers and shippers of goods soon noticed a dramatic improvement in overland travel. "19 The Greenwoods Turnpike, completed in 1799 from New Hartford to Canaan, was the first to reach the Salisbury district. The Canaan and Litchfield followed the next year, and a dozen others were completed in the next decade (fig. 4). The turnpike roads made it much easier for forge proprietors to fetch ore from the mines.
Forbes & Adam began making parts for mill machinery to numerical dimensions specified in customers' drawings, anticipating one of the techniques that mechanics would later use to make Connecticut the cradle of the American system of manufactures. The rolling and slitting mill John Winthrop built at his 1642 ironworks closed with the abandonment of the Saugus project, leaving New England without a source of machine-cut nail rod. Decades elapsed before Americans solved the problems of building a reliable slitting mill on their own.
To meet this demand, Seth King of Salisbury decided to build a blast furnace on Mount Riga. The ponds near the top of the mountain offered the reserve of water that could assure uninterrupted furnace operation. However, teamsters would have to haul ore nearly a thousand feet up the mountain from the Ore Hill and Davis mines below. With John Kelsey as partner, King bought land and water rights for a furnace in 1802 and 1803. They used a site near the outlet of South Pond, where Abner and Peter Woodin had set up a bloomery about 1781 that had passed through several owners to Luther Holley in 1799 (fig.
A Landscape Transformed: The Ironmaking District of Salisbury, Connecticut by Robert B. Gordon