By David Abulafia
The Catalan country of Majorca used to be validated lower than the need of King James I of Aragon, who conquered Majorca in 1229, however it used to be governed from 1276 to 1343 via a cadet dynasty. the dominion incorporated the main enterprise facilities of Montpellier and Perpignan, and different lands in what's now southern France. It used to be domestic to special Jewish and Muslim groups, and used to be the focal point of immigration from Catalonia, Provence and Italy. This ebook emphasizes the foremost variations within the exchange of the Balearic Islands from the eve of the Catalan conquest to the Black loss of life, and the influence of the kingdom's production and death at the financial system of the sector.
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Additional info for A Mediterranean Emporium: The Catalan Kingdom of Majorca
5 Even so, Fernandez-Armesto concentrates his comments on the Balearic islands within the decades before the creation of the autonomous kingdom of Majorca. When looking briefly at the fourteenth century, he rightly insists that Mallorca had become ' a land of medieval Wirtschaftswunder, comparable with Madeira in the next century with its new products and "nodal" trade'. 8 There is an apparent contradiction here, and it is one of the purposes of this book to resolve the problem of the viability of the Majorcan entity, both within the political arena of Aragon-Catalonia and within the trading circuits of the western Mediterranean.
A. , Paris, 1892). 12 Lecoy also shows a clear contempt for Saracen savages and for Jewish usurers that reflects the cultural patterns of late nineteenth-century France; he explicitly compares the colonisation of Mallorca with the conquest of Algeria in his own time. The Catalans were engaged in a civilising mission. However, the supposedly objectionable character of King Peter the Great of Aragon, evinced in his bitter opposition to France, disqualified the Catalans from the highest praise. Here the close links between the court of Majorca and the court of France were taken to be a sign that the Majorcans recognised the essentially French destiny of their mainland territories such as Roussillon and Montpellier.
The fate of Mallorca's Muslim population is not entirely clear, and is discussed at greater length in a later chapter. There were many enslaved, and some free, Muslims on the island in the late thirteenth century, though some of these Muslims were brought from the mainland by landlords such as the Knights of the Temple to till the soil. It has to be presumed that a large number were sold into slavery in 1229-31. 17 On the other hand, James I gave some encouragement to the Jews, who comprised an indigenous population as well as new migrants from Catalonia, Provence and north Africa.
A Mediterranean Emporium: The Catalan Kingdom of Majorca by David Abulafia