By Alfred Sauvy (auth.)
It is hard for us this day to visualize that equivalent academic chance, with which we're so deeply preoccupied, used to be at one time thought of to be if no longer an evil a minimum of a futile aim, and that those that held such an opinion have been thoroughly insincere or even disinterested. For a vertically stratified society equality of schooling needed to be adverse be reason it is going to disturb an equilibrium as very important as that of a construction. within the heart a long time in basic terms the Church used to be capable of search for new contributors on the backside of the social ladder, for the reason that ecclesiastical workplace was once no longer inherited by means of beginning. yet efforts during this course have been unavoidably very constrained, no matter if in basic terms due to the fabric hindrances to such an goal. Equality of schooling, in addition to the other form of equality couldn't also be imagined by means of the aristocracy whose very life could were threatened. Its preliminary indifference was once through lively competition. while it grew to become attainable to formulate the query of the diffusion of schooling, within the seventeenth and 18th centuries, the primary itself met with a basic objection. The ruling type, idle by means of its very nature, feared that the employees and particularly these at the land could abandon their efficient labours, now felt to be degrading, and swell the ranks of the parasites within the cities.
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Additional info for Access to Education: New Possibilities
37 It can be seen that these rules are no more than general statements forming a collection of heterogeneous principles. In practice this enables the examiners to slant their selection criteria in various ways. A priori there would appear to be three main considerations influencing entry examination procedure. 1. Firstly, government policy must be obeyed to a certain extent. Ministerial quotas must be fulfilled, allocation of the student population to the various faculties being regulated so as to supply the approximate range and number of graduates needed to achieve the aims of economic planning.
In practice this enables the examiners to slant their selection criteria in various ways. A priori there would appear to be three main considerations influencing entry examination procedure. 1. Firstly, government policy must be obeyed to a certain extent. Ministerial quotas must be fulfilled, allocation of the student population to the various faculties being regulated so as to supply the approximate range and number of graduates needed to achieve the aims of economic planning. But there is a further point.
XII, nO 43, 1971, p. 44. r limiting the educational opportunities of children of workers and peasants is "the behaviour of intellectual families (and families in other categories) who.
Access to Education: New Possibilities by Alfred Sauvy (auth.)