By Mira Ariel
Getting access to Noun-Phrase Antecedents deals a thorough shift within the research of discourse anaphora, from a simply pragmatic account to a cognitive account, when it comes to processing approaches. Mira Ariel defines referring expressions as markers signalling the measure of Accessibility in reminiscence of the antecedent. The thought of Accessibility is explicitly outlined, the the most important components being the Salience of the antecedent, and the solidarity among the antecedent and the anaphor.
This research yields an magnificent array of latest effects. the correct distribution of referring expressions in genuine discourse is without delay anticipated. a number of universals of anaphoric kinfolk are acknowledged. therefore, even though now not all languages inevitably have a similar markers, and nor do they assign them exactly the comparable functionality, Ariel indicates that all of them obey an identical Accessibility marking hierarchy.
This booklet might be obligatory interpreting for someone with an curiosity within the semantics and pragmatics of referring expressions, within the interplay of semantics and pragmatics, and extra as a rule within the interplay among peripheral and significant cognitive structures.
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Extra info for Accessing Noun-Phrase Antecedents
On the other hand, on the Accessibility account, it is not so much the context-type which dictates what form to choose. Rather, it is the degree of Accessibility of the antecedent which is the crucial factor. Moreover, since memory tends to be transient, and to fluctuate with respect to the availability of items at different points in the discourse, we should expect a more complex distribution of markers, always reflecting the current status an antecedent is believed to have in memory. In effect extending claims by Sanford and Garrod (1981), Yule (1981), Marslen-Wilson et al.
21 above), it is certainly true that proper names are markedly less so than other Accessibility Markers. Thus, Donnellan’s (1972), as well as Nunberg’s (1979), examples, which show that ‘wrong’ names may be used to refer successfully, are rather exceptional and rare, and are best accounted for via Relevance theory (see P art III). This rigidity, we will see, is crucially related to their degree of Accessibility. W hat is the special status o f proper names vis-a-vis ‘sense’? An answer to this question should help us compare names and definite descriptions, for which ‘sense’ is the main clue as to their referent.
It is quite clear that proper names themselves must be distinguished as to degree of Accessibility. First names are shortest, they are therefore more equivocal. 9 Last names are intermediate. They are less ambiguous than first names, and they do not imply intimacy. ). 10 The following are typical examples:  44 a i ha + maxazay, yehoshua sobul, . . The playwright, Yehoshua Sobul, . . ii sobul . . Sobul . . iii hu . . He . . (Haaretz, 14 May 1985) Low Accessibility referring expressions b i ha + sofer ha +yehudi ha + mizrax-germani, The writer the Jewish the East-German, stefan haym.
Accessing Noun-Phrase Antecedents by Mira Ariel