By Lin J.Y.
In June 2008, Justin Yifu Lin was once appointed leader Economist of the realm financial institution, correct earlier than the eruption of the worst worldwide monetary and monetary concern because the nice melancholy. Drawing on adventure from his privileged place, Lin deals targeted reflections at the explanation for the predicament, why it was once so severe and frequent, and its most probably evolution. Arguing that traditional theories supply insufficient suggestions, he proposes new tasks for attaining international balance and keeping off the recurrence of comparable crises sooner or later. He means that the trouble and the worldwide imbalances either originated with the surplus liquidity created via US monetary deregulation and unfastened financial coverage, and recommends the construction of a world Marshall Plan and a brand new supranational worldwide reserve forex. This thought-provoking booklet will entice teachers, graduate scholars, coverage makers, and somebody drawn to the worldwide economic system
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Extra resources for Against the Consensus: Reflections on the Great Recession
The currency appreciation then weakens the real economy and worsens its structural weaknesses, inducing short-term funds to move yet again to another reserve currency. As a result, such a multireserve currency system is likely to be highly unstable as multiple currencies compete for reserve status and use in international transactions. It is a lose-lose situation, for reserve currency countries and other countries alike. A bold proposal to restore stability to the international monetary system Stability can be restored – and the conﬂict of national and global interests inherent in using national currencies as reserve currencies resolved – if all countries adopt a single supranational reserve currency.
As housing prices continued to fall, increasing numbers of borrowers with adjustable-rate mortgages defaulted, further endangering the position of ﬁnancial institutions that held subprime loans securitized through new instruments such as collateralized debt obligations (CDOs, discussed below). 10 Hedge funds that dealt in these instruments had become highly leveraged, with the riskiest having debt to equity ratios as high as 20 to 1. By summer 2007, for example, two hedge funds run by Bear Stearns, which had invested several billion dollars of short-term loans in highly illiquid 7 8 9 Eichengreen and O’Rourke (2010).
Funke and Rahn (2005). 9 Ferguson and Schularick (2009). The real causes of the crisis 19 depending on the model. Most empirical calculations of undervaluation rely on the theory of purchasing power parity (the same good should have the same price in different countries). Although intuitively appealing, this notion has proved to be unreliable. Labor-intensive goods are consistently less expensive to produce in developing countries than in developed countries, and capital-intensive goods are more costly to produce in developing countries than in developed countries.
Against the Consensus: Reflections on the Great Recession by Lin J.Y.