By Godehard Link
The philosophical process of this quantity is especially structuralist, utilizing logical instruments to enquire the formal constitution of assorted sorts of gadgets in our global, as characterized by way of language and as systematised by means of philosophy. This quantity normally analyses the structural homes of collections or pluralities (with purposes to the philosophy of set theory), homogeneous items like water, and the semantics and philosophy of occasions. This e-book thereby enhances algebraic paintings that has been performed on different philosophical entities, i.e. propositions, homes, family members, or occasions. situated within the triangle of language, common sense and philosophy, this quantity is exclusive in combining the assets of other ?elds in an interdisciplinary company. 1/2 the fourteen chapters of this quantity are unique papers, complementing the gathering of the author's formerly released essays at the topic.
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Additional info for Algebraic Semantics in Language and Philosophy
The sentences are collectively about the class of whales and tranquilizers, respectively. So the BPs function here as proper names of these classes, so to speak. Carlson (1977, 1978) prefers to speak of kinds of things, instead of their classes, to which BPs refer. In fact Carlson argues for a semantical analysis that treats all BPs as kind-denoting terms. I am not going into this general claim here; I shall rather draw on the wide range of data provided by Carlson's work to present and discuss some important aspects of BP constructions.
22) 25 A Boolean model structure with homogeneous kernel ("boosk") is a quadruple B = (E, A, D, h) such that 1. ) Boolean algebra, with join operation Ut and the intrinsic ordering relation <8; 2. A C E is the set of atoms in E. 3. D C E is a complete join-semilattice with join U and ordering relation <; 4. , /i(x) ^ x for all x & D; /i(sup All men lifted the rock. (distr > coll) b. The men lifted the rock. (coll > distr) c. The men all lifted the rock. (distr > coll) d. The men each lifted the rock. (distr) In (36c) and (36d) the quantifier is said to be floated. Quantifier Floating is a pervasive phenomenon in languages like English (cf. Postal (1974); Dowty and Brodie (1984)) and German(cf. Link (1974)) and serves mainly for accentuating scope relations in a sentence. Here it is seen to be also sensitive to the idistributive distinction.
Algebraic Semantics in Language and Philosophy by Godehard Link
All men lifted the rock. (distr > coll) b. The men lifted the rock. (coll > distr) c. The men all lifted the rock. (distr > coll) d. The men each lifted the rock. (distr) In (36c) and (36d) the quantifier is said to be floated. Quantifier Floating is a pervasive phenomenon in languages like English (cf. Postal (1974); Dowty and Brodie (1984)) and German(cf. Link (1974)) and serves mainly for accentuating scope relations in a sentence. Here it is seen to be also sensitive to the idistributive distinction.