By Robin Gendron, Mats Ingulstad, Espen Storli
Because the key part in aluminum creation, bauxite has develop into essentially the most vital minerals of the final 100 years. to a couple it introduced fiscal and political virtue, yet for lots of others, its improvement left a legacy of exploitation. Aluminum Ore explores the heritage of bauxite within the 20th century and the worldwide forces that this background represents, from its strategic improvement within the First global struggle to its function within the globalization of markets as businesses from the northern hemisphere vied for the assets of the south. that includes essays via students from worldwide, this wide-ranging assortment is a background of 1 crucial mineral and a brand new point of view on a time of change.
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Extra resources for Aluminum Ore: The Political Economy of the Global Bauxite Industry
20 In the spring of 1914, George Bain Mackenzie, Alcoa’s “competent man,” arrived in British Guiana. Mackenzie worked quickly to get control of the best deposits, yet he did not stick to the terms of the option agreement the company had signed with Harvey. Instead, he negotiated secretly with Harvey’s business partner, with the obvious intent of cutting Harvey out of the deal. At the same time, Alcoa told Harvey that the company would not be interested in his bauxite. 22 Harvey signed an option agreement with the French-American consortium, which in May 1914 sent out a team of experts to look at the deposits.
The motivation for the company’s vigorous campaign was twofold: first, Alcoa wanted to be sure that it had access to deposits large enough to fuel future expansion, and second, the aim was to keep good bauxite out of the hands of potential competitors. The campaign was spectacularly successful, a success that partly must be ascribed to the First World War. It was the war that forced the French group to withdraw from British Guiana, and the other European producers were too taken up with the war demands to divert their attention to the bauxite deposits of faraway South America.
Alcoa’s management, which by now had extensive The Global Race for Bauxite, 1900-40 31 knowledge of the quality of the bauxite in the neighbouring colony of British Guiana, was quick to react. R. Gibbons, superintendent in the Alcoa subsidiary American Bauxite Company, was sent to Dutch Guiana in October 1915 to secure control over its bauxite deposits. Harvey, evidently not too put off by his former experiences with Alcoa, took Gibbons on a tour to explore the properties. The latter was convinced that there were rich deposits on both the Suriname and the Pará Rivers, but he could not reach an agreement with Harvey for the purchase of the deposits.
Aluminum Ore: The Political Economy of the Global Bauxite Industry by Robin Gendron, Mats Ingulstad, Espen Storli