Stanley G. Clarke, Evan Simpson's Anti-Theory in Ethics and Moral Conservatism PDF

Stanley G. Clarke, Evan Simpson's Anti-Theory in Ethics and Moral Conservatism PDF

By Stanley G. Clarke, Evan Simpson

ISBN-10: 0887069126

ISBN-13: 9780887069123

ISBN-10: 0887069134

ISBN-13: 9780887069130

This quantity records a move from conception and principles in ethics to an account of morality in accordance with neighborhood perform and notion of the actual case. The advent lays the basis for this place, then the authors draw from the analytic culture as they forcefully argue opposed to concept derived from assorted philosophical ancestors. within the moment part they learn ethical conservatism, displaying how putting ethical perform as fundamental doesn't limit one to any type of political conservatism.

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Example text

Within a relativistic theory, the objection can be partially met as follows. When a relativist makes a simple moral judgement with no explicit reference to one or another morality, the speaker makes this judgement in relation to a morality he or she accepts. The speaker also presupposes that this morality is accepted by anyone to whom the judgement is addressed. The speaker may also presuppose that it is accepted by any agents referred to in the judgement (if what is at issue is whether it is wrong of them to do a certain thing).

Nevertheless, both views see a more or less implicit relativity in the logical form or meaning of moral judgements, so both count as forms of moral judgement relativism in my sense. I turn now to a third form of relativism which sees a different sort of relativity in moral judgements, a relativity in the correctness of moral judgements. 3 Meta-Ethical Relativism According to meta-ethical relativism, there can be conflicting moral judgements about a particular case that are both fully correct. The idea is that two people with different moralities might reach conflicting moral judgements concerning a particular case—for example, one saying the agent was morally right, the other saying the agent was morally wrong—where both opinions are correct.

ASSUMPTION 2S. For any moral demand D, there is someone subject to some moral demands who does not accept D as a legitimate demand on himself or herself, where this nonacceptance is not the result of any relevant (nonmoral) ignorance on that person's part or any failure to reason something through or any sort of (nonmoral) mental defect such as irrationality, stupidity, confusion, or mental illness. Assumptions 1 and 2S jointly imply that there are no universal moral demands which apply to everyone who is subject to some moral demands.

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Anti-Theory in Ethics and Moral Conservatism by Stanley G. Clarke, Evan Simpson

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